Qur’anic Characteristic #1: Al Hakeem
Allahumma ija’lnaa min ashaabil Qur’an, O Allah, make us among the companions of the Qur’an. Ameen.
The first characteristic of the Qur’an that we will share is: Al Hakeem.
Allah ta’ala says in Surah Yaseen ayah 2:
By the Qur’an, full of wisdom! Allah ta’ala swears by the Qur’an in this verse, which is known as a ‘qasm’ in Arabic. In the Qur’an, Allah ta’ala swears by many things, showing the importance and honor of the object.
Allah ta’ala is honoring the Qur’an by taking a qasm by it, and when Allah ta’ala swears an oath, we know what that whatever comes after (jawaab qasm) is very important. And what is the characteristic (sifah) of the Qur’an mentioned? Al-Hakeem, full of wisdom. This Qur’an is not an ordinary book, but it is Hakeem. Hakeem is from ha kaaf meem, and hikmah means: wad’u shayyin fee muhalihi, to place something where it belongs. How is the Qur’an Hakeem? There are three meanings of Hakeem:
- Haakim: The Qur’an is decisive and conclusive. The Qur’an has the final decision.
- Dhoo Hikmah: Full of wisdom, in three ways. Firstly, wisdom in its content and rulings. They are according to the fitrah (human nature) and they are what mankind needs. The rulings in the Qur’an are according to the intellect–they just make sense. Secondly, wisdom in its order and arrangement. And thirdly, wisdom in its style. We can derive oceans of meaning just from a few words (remember Ni’mah?) There is so much wisdom in the Qur’an, that even if we tried, we would never be able to grasp all of it. That’s why there is never an end to studying the Qur’an.
- Muhkim: The Qur’an is firm and perfect in strength and meanings. Nothing can change it or attack it.
So if the Qur’an is Hakeem, full of wisdom in so many ways, then it is worthy of being followed.