Qur’anic Characteristic #2: Qayyiman
May Allah make us among the companions of the Qur’an, Ameen.
Alhamdulillah we have a new page, Characteristics of the Qur’an, where we will post some of the qualities of this miraculous Book to assist us along the path of becoming its companions inshaAllah.
Qur’anic Characteristic #2 is: Qayyiman.
Allah ta’ala begins suratul Kahf:
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ الْكِتَابَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ عِوَجًا
قَيِّمًا لِيُنْذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِنْ لَدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا
All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave the Book (the Quran), and has not placed therein any crookedness. It is straight to give warning of a severe punishment from Him, and to give glad tidings to the believers, who work righteous deeds, that they shall have a fair reward. (18:1-2)
Allah ta’ala says about the Qur’an: <<وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ عِوَجًا>> , and He did not make therein any crookedness. The word for crookedness is عِوَجًا, ewajaa, from ayn wow jeem and this is an amazing word. It means crookedness or deviance in something. Ewaj is used for something that has been bent. There are two words from this root of ayn wow jeem:
- 1st one is ‘ewaj, which is conceptual or intangible crookedness. It’s the type of crookedness that someone has in their character, when they are not behaving “straight” or “normal”.
- 2nd word is ‘awaj. And this means something that was straight, but became crooked. This type of crookedness is very easy and obvious to notice.
Allah azza wa jal uses the first word in the ayah, ‘ewaj, not ‘awaj. This means that the Qur’an has no crooked information, not even the slightest form. Subhan Allah, this first ayah is negating ANY fault whatsoever in the Qu’ran.
How is the Qur’an not crooked? There is no distortion amongst the verses, the words are just as Allah revealed them. The Qur’an has been preserved by writing, by memorization to the point that we even know HOW the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam recited the Qur’an…each word, each letter, even each syllable! There is no deviation in the teachings or the information, there is no contradiction in it, and there is nothing in the Qur’an contrary to the truth.
The first ayah negates any fault, and this second ayah confirms what the Qur’an really is: Qayyiman, one completely straight. Qayyiman is from qaaf wow meem or qaum, and this means to stand. Remember this definition: Qayyiman is one that IS straight and LEADS to that which is straight.
The Qur’an is Qayyiman in 3 ways:
- It is Mustaqeem: One that is straight.
- It is Mu’tadil: One that is balanced.
- It stands firm for the benefit of people. Its commands are a source of benefit.
Why is the Qur’an Qayyiman? <<لِيُنْذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِنْ لَدُنْهُ>>, so as to warn of a severe punishment from near Him. يُنْذِرَ, yunthira is from noon thaal ra, nathr and this means to warn. Nathr is to give news that arouses fear, and has an effect on the person. So when one hears a warning, they should become fearful and seek to change.
The warning is of: <<بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا>>, ba’san shadeedan, a severe punishment. Ba’san is from ba hamza seen and it literally means violence, difficulty and also power/might. Shadeedan is from sheen daal daal and it means something that is severe. This ba’san shadeedan is referring to the Hellfire, which is severely harsh and violent to those who enter it. There are so many in this world who do not know of the Qur’an, and this is a reminder for the believers to spread the message of the Qur’an and to be fearful themselves of the punishment of Hellfire.
One of the ways the Qur’an is qayyiman is because its mu’tadil (balanced). We can see this when Allah ta’ala says, <<وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا>> and to give glad tidings to the believers, those who work righteous deeds that for them is a good reward.