Session Seven: Bonds of Brotherhood
walhamdulillah, we received another double gem session last night, but since they are different topics inshaAllah I will post them separately.
So here is Qur’anic gem # seven:
In surah Shu’ara (26), Allah ta’ala mentions the stories of many Prophets, and He says:
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ نُوحٌ
When their brother Nuh (alayhi salaam) said to them, and this format repeats for Saalih, Lut and Hud (alayhum assalaam). Whenever a nation is mentioned, Allah says “ أَخُوهُمْ” their brother about the Prophet.
However, when Allah ta’ala mentions Shu’ayb alayhi salaam, He says:
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ شُعَيْبٌ
When Shu’ayb (alayhi salaam) said to them. (26:177) Why do the other Prophets receive “their brother”, and Shu’ayb (alayhi salaam) does not? We even see in another surah, Allah says:
وَإِلَىٰ مَدْيَنَ أَخَاهُمْ شُعَيْبًا
And to Madyan, their brother Shu’ayb (7:85). Allah mentions ‘their brother’ in this ayah.
To understand this, we need to look at the city of Madyan itself. There are two names of Madyan in the Qur’an: the first one is Madyan and the second one is Ashaabul Aykah (companions of the tree). Aykah refers to a giant tree that they used to worship.
So, when it comes to location, the city is referred to as Madyan. When it comes to the people, the city is referred to as Ashaabul Aykah.
How does Allah ta’ala refer to them in Surah Shu’ara, where “their brother” is not mentioned? He says:
كَذَّبَ أَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
Ashaabul Aykah denied the messengers. (26:176)
When Allah ta’ala mentions the location (such as 7:85), He ta’ala says أَخَاهُمْ their brother. When it comes to their religious identity, Allah ta’ala does not say “أَخَاهُمْ“, only Shu’ayb. When it comes to the location, Shu’ayb alayhi salaam is their brother. But when it comes to the religion, they are not brothers even though they have the same blood line, the same citizenship, the same identity and the same geographical location.
The precision of the Qur’an, SubhanAllah!