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Session Seven: Bonds of Brotherhood

October 21, 2008

Bismillah

walhamdulillah, we received another double gem session last night, but since they are different topics inshaAllah I will post them separately.

So here is Qur’anic gem # seven:

In surah Shu’ara (26), Allah ta’ala mentions the stories of many Prophets, and He says:

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ نُوحٌ

When their brother Nuh (alayhi salaam) said to them, and this format repeats for Saalih, Lut and Hud (alayhum assalaam). Whenever a nation is mentioned, Allah says “ أَخُوهُمْtheir brother about the Prophet.

However, when Allah ta’ala mentions Shu’ayb alayhi salaam, He says:

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ شُعَيْبٌ

When Shu’ayb (alayhi salaam) said to them. (26:177) Why do the other Prophets receive “their brother”, and Shu’ayb (alayhi salaam) does not? We even see in another surah, Allah says:

وَإِلَىٰ مَدْيَنَ أَخَاهُمْ شُعَيْبًا

And to Madyan, their brother Shu’ayb (7:85). Allah mentions ‘their brother’ in this ayah.

To understand this, we need to look at the city of Madyan itself. There are two names of Madyan in the Qur’an: the first one is Madyan and the second one is Ashaabul Aykah (companions of the tree). Aykah refers to a giant tree that they used to worship.

So, when it comes to location, the city is referred to as Madyan. When it comes to the people, the city is referred to as Ashaabul Aykah.

How does Allah ta’ala refer to them in Surah Shu’ara, where “their brother” is not mentioned? He says:

كَذَّبَ أَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Ashaabul Aykah denied the messengers. (26:176)

When Allah ta’ala mentions the location (such as 7:85), He ta’ala says أَخَاهُمْ their brother. When it comes to their religious identity, Allah ta’ala does not say “أَخَاهُمْ“, only Shu’ayb. When it comes to the location, Shu’ayb alayhi salaam is their brother. But when it comes to the religion, they are not brothers even though they have the same blood line, the same citizenship, the same identity and the same geographical location.

The precision of the Qur’an, SubhanAllah!

5 Comments leave one →
  1. October 21, 2008 11:48 am

    Assalmu ‘Alikum

    Thank you for another great gem.
    it reminded me the story of Nuh (AS), but insted of bonds of brotherhood, it talks about the bonds of family.

    When Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala promissed Nuh (AS) that he will save him and thouse who believe in him, he also told him –
    “….and address Me no (further) on behalf of those who are in sin: for they are about to be overwhelmed (in the Flood)” [Quran 11:37]

    few Ayats layer, Nuh (AS) say to his son (ابْنَهُ) that he should join him in the Ark but the son refused and died. [Quran 11:42-43]

    then Nuh (AS) address his lord and say-
    وَنَادَى نُوحٌ رَّبَّهُ فَقَالَ رَبِّ إِنَّ ابْنِي مِنْ أَهْلِي وَإِنَّ وَعْدَكَ الْحَقُّ وَأَنتَ أَحْكَمُ الْحَاكِمِينَ

    “And Noah called upon his Lord, and said: O my Lord! surely my son is of my family! and Thy promise is true, and Thou art the justest of Judges!” [Quran 11:45]

    in other words, Nuh (AS) knows that the prommis of Allah is true, and he want to find out how come his son (as part of his family) didn’t saved.

    Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala replay in the next Ayah-
    قَالَ يَا نُوحُ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِكَ إِنَّهُ عَمَلٌ غَيْرُ صَالِحٍ

    “He said: O Noah! He is not of thy family: For his conduct is unrighteous…”

    so the son of Nuh (AS) maybe his Son (Ibnahu) but he will never be from his family (Ahlahu) Due to his disbelieve. and that is why he is among thouse people whom he can not adress Allah on thier behalf [11:37].

    Subhanallah.

  2. October 21, 2008 11:23 pm

    wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah akhee Nuh,

    subhanAllah, a chilling example! Jazakum Allahu khayran for sharing.

  3. mohammed yunus permalink
    March 31, 2009 5:24 pm

    Hello dear bretheren in faith
    you have been doing a very nice job
    I only pray that ALLAH subhanallahi wa ta ala should bless you aboundantly
    sallam alaikum

  4. February 23, 2014 11:56 am

    Reblogged this on ilmsharif.

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