More Names of Allah can be found here.
Al Mu’min: The One who gives Emaan and Security
When we look at this Name linguistically, it gives us two primary meanings:
1) From emaan, it means The One who gives emaan. Emaan is tasdeeq (تصديق): affirmation. Mu’min is One who has emaan, One who gives emaan and One who believes. Emaan is the opposite of taktheeb (تكذيب): denial. When we have emaan in something, we affirm that is true. For example, in surah Yusuf, the sons of Ya’qub alayhi salaam said to him: ‘you will not believe in us’, meaning you will not affirm our truthfulness. Mu’min is One who believes, gives emaan and affirms the truth.
2) From aman (safety, security and freedom from fear), The One who gives Security and Peace. The opposite of security is ikhaafah (اخافة): fear, so Mu’min is The One who removes the fear. In surah Quraysh we learn: وَآمَنَهُمْ مِنْ خَوْفٍ, and He gave them security from fear. Furthermore, from this same root is the word amaanah (امانة), which give Al Mu’min the meaning of The One who is Faithful.
What is the connection between these meanings? When you have emaan, you are at aman in dunya and aakhirah, and a person who has amaanah, people have emaan in him and people have aman from him.
Proof for this Name
Al Mu’min is mentioned once in the Qur’an, in suratul Hashr, ayah 23.
If Allah is Al Mu’min, what does this mean?
- Mujaahid rahimahullah says: Al Mu’min is the One who affirms and believes His Oneness. He affirms it in the Qur’an:شَهِدَ اللَّهُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ Allah Himself bears witness that there is no diety worthy of worship except Him. (3:18) We learn in several places in the Qur’an that He is a Mu’min and Musaddiq (One who Affirms) in His Existence and Oneness. So if Allah believes in His Oneness, what is expected of us? We must affirm His tawheed and His existence, and must also believe in whatever Allah commands us. Whatever He informs us, He is Al Mu’min, so it is the truth and we must follow and believe in it. This belief not just limited to His Oneness and His Existence, but everything in its entirety.
- If Allah is Al Mu’min, it also means He is a Musaddiq: One who Affirms the truthfulness of His Messengers and Prophets. Allah sends them with messages and miracles, and through those ayaat, the truthfulness of the messenger is clear.
- If Allah is Al Mu’min, He is also Musaddiq of His Promises, He fulfills His promises. We must believe that whatever promise Allah has made, He will fulfill it and He will never go against it. We learn in suratun Noor ayah 55: وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to on the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion, that which He has chosen for them. And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear. (24:55) This was the promise of Allah to the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and He did not fail in His Promise. Allah ta’ala promised in the beginning of suratur Room: وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ and they (the Romans), after their defeat, will be victorious. (30:3) This was the Promise of Allah, and He did not fail in His Promise. In surah A’raaf, Allah tells us: وَنَادَىٰ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ أَنْ قَدْ وَجَدْنَا مَا وَعَدَنَا رَبُّنَا حَقًّا فَهَلْ وَجَدْتُمْ مَا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمْ حَقًّا And the dwellers of Paradise will call out to the dwellers of the Fire (saying): “We have indeed found true what our Lord had promised us; have you also found true, what your Lord promised?” They shall say: “Yes.” (7:44) What does this teach us? We should never have the slightest doubt ever that the promise of Allah will not come true. Allah ta’ala for example promises that sadaqah does not reduce wealth, so when we give sadaqah, we should believe it will not reduce our wealth with conviction and certainty-He is Al Mu’min and He is Al Musaddiq. Also we learn that the believers will say when they are taken into Jannah: وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي صَدَقَنَا وَعْدَهُ All praise and thanks is only for Allah, the One who fulfilled His promise to us. (39:74) If Allah is Al Mu’min we should believe in this and when the time to act upon that belief comes, we should have certainty and do what Allah commands us. Allah will give us benefit through what He commanded us, because He knows what is good and bad for us. We should have certainty when following His commands that He will fulfill His promise and word.
- If Allah is Al Mu’min, it means that He is the One who gives aman (security) and He gives aman to whomsoever He wills.
Who receives Allah’s aman?
- The Believers. We learn from the Qur’an, الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُمْ بِظُلْمٍ أُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ It is those who believe and confuse not their belief with dhulm, for them (only) there is security. (6:82) What does dhulm (injustice) mean in this ayah? It is shirk primarily (inna shirka la dhulmun ‘atheem: shirk is the greatest dhulm), and also other injustices. Those who have emaan and do not mix their emaan with beliefs that will corrupt it, they are the ones who will have aman (security). When will they have aman? In the dunya, at times of difficulty and distress as well as the aakhirah. Remember when the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam was hiding in the cave from the Quraysh with Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu? Imagine: people who wanted to kill them were right above them, and he sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said to Abu Bakr: لاَ تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَنَا. “Be not afraid, surely Allah is with us.” (9:40) If we were in that situation, we would have screamed and cried, and lost our faith in Allah! But Allah gave the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam peace in his heart. It is the aman, the peace and security that Allah gives the believers, that causes them to be composed and serene. This shows us in difficult situations, we should ask Al Mu’min for aman: ask the One that gives aman to give you aman. In difficult situations, we should not just panic and vent, we should pray to Al Mu’min to give us peace and serenity in our hearts. On the Day of Judgment, the believers will have aman. Allah ta’ala says: مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ خَيْرٌ مِنْهَا , whoever brings a good deed will have better than it (ie, a better reward),وَهُمْ مِنْ فَزَعٍ يَوْمَئِذٍ آمِنُونَ and they will be, on that day, at peace during the terror. (27:89) How will they be at peace? When mankind is in shock and fright, walking as if they are drunk, the Prophets are saying nafsee nafsee (myself, myself): they will be at peace in their hearts, calm, and they have security.
- Those who have istiqaamah (steadfastness). Allah says in the Qur’an:إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنْتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ, Indeed, those who say: “Our Rabb is Allah,” and then they remain firm (upon that statement), on them the angels will descend (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! (41:30) Istiqaamah is to be steadfast upon emaan, to act upon it and to be firm upon it. At the time of death, the angels will tell those who had istiqaamah of their reward, so in the hereafter: in the grave and on the Day of Judgment, they will have aman–no fear or grief.
- If Allah ta’ala is Al Mu’min: He gives aman so His creation is saved from His injustice. We learned this with the name As Salaam. We know that we commit so many sins throughout the days and nights, yet Allah pardons us. If Allah were to take account of everyone for all of their sins, not a single creature would remain living. In the dunya, we only suffer very slight consequences of our sins and if Allah were to inflict retribution for all of our bad deeds, not a creature would prosper. Allah ta’ala does not do injustice upon His creations, not even the slightest. And moreover, وَيَعْفُو عَن كَثِيرٍ and He pardons much (42:30)–many, many sins. If this is Al Mu’min, then the believer should not commit dhulm either. An example of this is the hadeeth where the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:“By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!” It was said, “Who is that, O Allah’s Apostle?” He said, “That person whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.” (Bukhari) Our neighbors are the ones who sit with us, whose room is next to us, the one who lives by us, the one who is sitting in the car/bus with us, the one who works by us, the one who is in the next line to us, they are all our neighbors…so the one whose neighbor is not safe from his sharr (evil), such a person has not believed and he is not a believer. From another hadeeth in Tirmidhi we learn that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said: “allaa ukhbirukum bil mu’min, shall I not inform you of the believer? The companions said of course, and he said: al mu’min man aminahu naas ‘alaa amwaalihim wa anfusihim, the believer is one for whom people are safe with regards to their wealth and lives.” The believer is the one who returns their amaanaat (trusts), such as if they borrow money or borrow a possession, they return it safely. Such a person is not a believer who harms the other with regards to their wealth and lives. The hadeeth continues, “wal muslim man salimal muslimu min lisaanihi wa yaddihi, and as for the muslim, he is the one whom other muslims are safe from his tongue and hand.”
To summarize, if Allah is Al Mu’min: we are supposed to believe in Him, in His messengers and what they brought. We follow what He commands because He Affirms it. We should ask Him for aman, in the dunya and aakhirah. We should not to dhulm upon others at all.
Duaas with this Name
There isn’t a duaa that has this Name specifically, but the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam taught the companions the duaa:
Allahumma-stur ‘awraatee wa aamin raw’aatee. ‘O Allah, veil my weaknesses and set at eas my dismay (grant me aman).’
How else can you make duaa with this Name? When your emaan is low, ask Al Mu’min to give the characteristics of the believers to you. Ask Al Mu’min for aman in this life and the next. When you are in a state of fear, ask Al Mu’min for aman.
Allahu ta’ala a’lam.