Qur’anic Characteristic #5: Mubeen
The next characteristic of the Qur’an is Mubeen.
“Al Kitaabil Mubeen” appears many times in the Qur’an at the beginning of surahs after the huroof muqatt’aat (disjointed letters).
- الر ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ Alif-laam-ra. These are the ayaat of the “Mubeen” Book. (12:1)
- الر ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ وَقُرْآنٍ مُبِينٍ Alif-laam-ra. These are the ayaat of the Book, and a “Mubeen” Qur’an. (15:1)
- طس ۚ تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْقُرْآنِ وَكِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ Ta-Seen. These are the ayaat of the Qur’an, and a book that is “Mubeen.” (27:1)
- طسم تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ Ta-Seen-Meem. These are the ayaat of the “Mubeen” Book. (28:1-2)
- حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ “Ha-meem. And by the “Mubeen” Book!. (43:1-2) (this ayah is a qasm/an oath)
- حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ “Ha-meem. And by the “Mubeen” Book!. (44:1-2) (this ayah is a qasm/an oath)
When Allah ta’ala repeats something so many times in His Speech, then we know there is a reason for the repetition and importance in what is being repeated.
What does it mean that the Qur’an is “Mubeen”?
Mubeen is from the root ba-ya-noon (ب ي ن ), bayn. And this root has three meanings:
- Any type of distance.
- That which is far (bu’ud, بعد)
- Something that is clear (waadih, bayaan, واضح، بيان)
Something that is clear is far in resemblance to the other.
This Qur’an is Mubeen, it is clear and far from anything else in resemblance. The name Mubeen implies two meanings:
- That which is clear in itself. The Qur’an is clear in its content and in its understanding.
- That which clarifies the other. The Qur’an clarifies truth from falsehood, guidance from misguidance, the believers from the disbelievers, and it clarifies the mind of a person.
The Qur’an is a bayyinah, a clear proof. Everything that is stated in this Qur’an is based on bayyinah: the ilm of Allah azza wa jal. In other words, this Kitaab is authentic. There is nothing like it, it is unique, clear, comprehensive and profound in its meaning.
May Allah azza wa jal make us companions of Qur’anil Mubeen, Ameen.