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Names of Naar: Jahannam and Jaheem

November 18, 2008
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Allah ta’ala discusses both Hell-Fire and Jannah equally in the Qur’an, displaying the balance of this deen. The two wings of a believer are fear and hope, and just as a bird cannot fly without balanced wings, the believer cannot either. InshaAllah we will be following this example for our Jannah and Naar series; posting one topic about hell-fire and the next about Paradise and the first topic to be completed will be the names of Hell-Fire and Paradise inshaAllah.

The first two names are Jahannam and Jaheem.

With proper reminders and teachings of the true nature of the aakhirah, we will realize what this life holds for us and inshaAllah will help us to strive for good deeds to reach Jannah and keep away from disobedience to be saved from the Fire.

So, how scary is Hell-fire?

قُل لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَتُغْلَبُونَ وَتُحْشَرُونَ إِلَىٰ جَهَنَّمَ ۚ وَبِئْسَ الْمِهَادُ

“Say to those who reject Faith: “Soon you will be vanquished and gathered together to Jahannam,-an evil bed indeed (to lie on)!” (3:18)

Jahannam (جهنم) is mentioned in the Qur’an 77 times. It is from jeem haa meem (ج ه م), and contains many meanings. Of those meanings are:

  • the literal meaning, to meet with a frowning face and to have a stern look. When you look at a person who has jahm, you become fearful.
  • Darkness: and jahm is used for the darkest part of the night. Aren’t you scared in darkness? Jahannam is a dark place where you don’t want to be alone.
  • A waterless cloud

Put these meanings together–Jahannam is a place when you look at it you’re scared–you want to run away and stay away from it because it has that frowning look and it is waterless. When Allah ta’ala says in the Qur’an about the disbelievers, “fahasbahu jahannam,” meaning “then Jahannam is sufficient for him”–THIS is what they deserve, a waterless, scary, dark punishment that will break their ego.

And what about Al-Jaheem?

وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِلْغَاوِينَ

“”And to those straying in Evil, Al-Jaheem will be placed in full view.” (26:91)

Al-Jaheem (الجحيم) appears 23 times in the Qur’an. It is from (ج ح م) jeem ha meem, and contains many meanings. Of those meanings are:

  • The literal meaning, to light and stir up a fire–you add fuel and ensure it keeps burning.
  • The word jahama means to stare with sharp eyes, and refers to the way a lion stares at its prey.
  • The word ajham, also from the same root, means someone who has red eyes.
  • Jaheem is also used to mean a pit with blazing fire–and not just any fire, but an extremely hot, intense, and fiercely-burning fire.

Next time Shaytan whispers to you and you are inclined to commit a sin, remember this description of Hell-Fire… like a lion staring at its prey.

Indeed, Rasul Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam spoke the truth when he said, “O Allah, there is no life except for the life of the Hereafter, and there is no good except for the good of the Hereafter.” [Saheeh Muslim]

9 Comments leave one →
  1. November 20, 2008 7:08 am

    subhan Allah, imam shaker elsayed was saying last jumuah how ppl think of the hell fire and visualize their fireplaces or stoves and think ‘its not that bad.’ But when Allah describes the hellfire, it is in the harshest of tones using the most serious language…
    jazaki Allah khayr for the detailed sharh of jahannam and jaheem. May Allah save us from it. Ameen.

  2. November 20, 2008 12:14 pm

    JazakAllahkhair for this explanation. Scary but needed.
    Knowing the root word makes grasping the meaning so much better & clearer.
    May Allah (Subbhanawataala) protect us from it.

  3. November 20, 2008 2:17 pm

    Ameen. wa iyyakum.

    SubhanAllah that is so true, which is why I wanted to work on a detailed explanation of Jannah and Naar.
    When I learned these in class, I couldn’t believe how much we do not learn about when it comes to the hereafter…Yes we know Jannah is Paradise and Naar is painful, but what else?? Allah ta’ala has described it for us in the Qur’an, it is for us to study and take a reminder from it.

    InshaAllah I will be working on two more names to post soon: Saqar and Sa’eer.

  4. November 21, 2008 7:42 am

    Nice laudable work. Jazaaki Allahu Khayran.
    Some Arabic for the non-initiated:

  5. November 23, 2008 9:50 pm

    Thanks for the insight. Similarly, I do not learn of it in school, thus I often wonder why is that so. Am certainly looking forward to reading more of your posts with regards to your Jannah and Naar series.

  6. annie permalink
    June 16, 2009 12:54 pm

    u shud alwayz hav dis knd of info on da web very profitble

    u cud learn alot by dat

    thnx 4 telin mii bout dis stuff ill remember

  7. Abu Lahab permalink
    September 1, 2015 12:25 pm

    This is merciful. A hell to punish those who don’t believe. So merciful this Allah.

  8. June 8, 2017 7:13 pm



  1. Jahannam and Jaheem « MO GREEN

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