Are They Those who Drink and Steal?
عَنْ أُمِّ المُؤْمِنِينَ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ: “وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ”: قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ: أَهُمْ الَّذِينَ يَشْرَبُونَ الْخَمْرَ وَيَسْرِقُونَ؟ قَالَ: “لَا يَا بِنْتَ الصِّدِّيقِ وَلَكِنَّهُمْ الَّذِينَ يَصُومُونَ وَيُصَلُّونَ وَيَتَصَدَّقُونَ وَهُمْ يَخَافُونَ أَنْ لَا يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ، أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ”. رواه الترمذي (3175) ، وصححه الألباني (صحيح سنن الترمذي، 287/3)
On the authority of Umm Al Mu’mineen A’ishah radi Allahu anha who narrated, I asked the Messenger of Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam concerning this ayah: ‘and those who give that which they give with their hearts full of fear’ (23:60) A’ishah radi Allahu anhu asked: Are they those who drink wine and steal? The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam replied: No, daughter of as-Siddeeq! Rather they are those who fast, and those who pray and those who give charity while they fear that it (their deeds) will not be accepted from them. Those! They are the ones who race in all that is good (al khayraat). [Narrated in Tirmidhi, Saheeh according to shaykh Albaani in his Saheeh of Sunan at Tirmidhi hadeeth # 3/287.]
A point about the ayah that is not captured by the translation: وَجِلَةٌ wajilah from wow-jeem-laam, means fearful–but not just any fear, but a fear in which a person trembles and shivers. The word ‘mawjil’ from the same root is a depressed ground or a large and deep hole in the ground. How do you feel when you suddenly, without notice, come upon a huge, deep hole in the ground? You are shaken with fear! That feeling of trembling with fear is wajilah. You may recognize this word from surah Anfaal ayah 2: The true believers are those who when Allah is mentioned, their hearts tremble (wajilat quloobuhum). When Name of Allah ta’ala is mentioned, they are immediately awe-struck.
Have you ever trembled with fear from the mention of Allah? From the mention of His Words? From the mention of His Warnings? From the mention of His Commands?
Have you ever trembled with fear due to the thought that your deeds may not being accepted?